Mao Zedong was the ruthless communist dictator of China from 1949 to 1976. His purges and disastrous economic policies led to the death of some 40-70 million people, making Mao perhaps the most prolific mass murderer in human history, discounting the innumerable unborn female fetuses whom he callously slaughtered by making abortion compulsory for women pregnant with girls.
Mao was born on December 26th, 1863 in Shaoshan, a county-level city in the Chinese province of Hunan, to a wealthy family. His father was a stern disciplinarian whom Mao claimed frequently beat him. He attended a police academy, a soap-production school, a law school, an economic school and the state-governed Changsha Middle School. An intelligent young man who was probably a sociopath, Mao studied independently, reading many classically liberal texts and the works of Western scientists and philosophers such as Charles Darwin, John Stuart Mill, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Herbert Spencer. His father, seeing no use in his son's studies, cut off his allowance, compelling Mao to live in a hostel. Around this time, Mao decided that he believed in a Socially Darwinistic Society where the ends always justified the means. Years later, the narcissistic Mao conceded that he thought himself better than working class people.
Rise to Power
Serving as a member of the Chinese Communist Party from 1921 to 1935, he was elected to the Executive Committee of the Comintern in in Moscow and remained in this position until it was disbanded in 1943.
The Great Leap Forward and the Chinese Civil War
Aware that the steel industry was a great source of wealth, Mao disbanded it in order to centralise power and ordered that citizens manufacture steel in their backyards, a physiological impossibility that led to widespread poverty, resulting in the "Great Leap Forward" as Mao called it, becoming the Great Leap Backward. Having succeeded in economically crippling his individual citizens, Mao claimed that the widespread poverty was the result of Western Capitalists penetrating China's infrastructure and insisted that his people turn against one another to root out the perpetrators. Consequently, civil war raged throughout China although none dared defy Mao's army which he used to compulsively tax his citizens.
Mao himself was a sexual deviant who had four wives and regularly engaged in extramarital affairs. He bathed with teenage girls because he believe that it would preserve his virility and extend his life. He was an alcoholic and a chain-smoker who conducted business meetings in his bedroom and refused to brush his teeth, instead rubbing tea-leaves on them which left his teeth with a faint, greenish tinge.
Mao suffered a heart-attack on the 2nd September 1976 and was placed under the care of his doctors. His fourth wife, Jiang Qing took control of her husband's care and assisted his death, perhaps sick of his abuse.