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Independent Socialist Party of Chad (French: Parti socialiste independant du Tchad, PSIT), initially called Independent Social Party of Chad, was a political party in Chad. PSIT was founded on September 21, 1950 at a General Assembly. The party statues were adopted on October 10, 1950, at another General Assembly with around 500 participants. André Labrouquère, a French socialist leader and free-mason, played a major role in the setting up of the PSIT.[1]

The chairman of PSIT was Ahmed Koulamallah. Koulamallah had been the treasurer of the Democratic Union of Chad (UDT) but been expelled for financial mismanagement. Adoum Aganaye, a former leader of the Chadian Progressive Party (PPT), was the first vice chairman of the party. Mohamed Akouna, Gabriel Yakité and Mohamed Talba were the other vice chairs of the party. Sékou Diarra, a former UDT and PPT member, became treasurer of the party. The leading committee of the party had two other members, Souleymane Naye (former PPT member) and Brahim Séid (CFTC organizer).[1]

PSIT contested the 1951 election to the French National Assembly with Koulamallah and Aganaye as its candidates.[2][3] The party was assigned the lion as its election symbol and green as its election colour. The list of the party obtained 13467 votes (8.19%), and didn't win any seat. The party got its best result in Salamat, where it obtained 6273 votes (60.33%).[4]

In 1952 the party was part of a short-lived coalition with the Chadian Progressive Party, the Civic Action Front of Chad. Under Koulamallah's leader PSIT was divided into two in 1955. A group of expelled PSIT leaders, led by Ahmed Kotoko, formed a new PSIT.[5] In 1956 Koulamallah founded a section of the African Socialist Movement, replacing his PSIT.[2]

Support base

The majority of PSIT militants were Muslims.[6]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lanne, Bernard. Histoire politique du Tchad de 1945 à 1958: administration, partis, élections. Paris: Karthala, 1998. p. 151
  2. 2.0 2.1 Decalo, Samuel. Regionalism, Political Decay, and Civil Strife in Chad, published in The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Mar., 1980), pp. 23-56
  3. Lanne, Bernard. Histoire politique du Tchad de 1945 à 1958: administration, partis, élections. Paris: Karthala, 1998. p. 166
  4. Lanne, Bernard. Histoire politique du Tchad de 1945 à 1958: administration, partis, élections. Paris: Karthala, 1998. p. 169-170, 172
  5. Lanne, Bernard. Histoire politique du Tchad de 1945 à 1958: administration, partis, élections. Paris: Karthala, 1998. p. 226-227
  6. Lanne, Bernard. Histoire politique du Tchad de 1945 à 1958: administration, partis, élections. Paris: Karthala, 1998. p. 154
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